Keltner Channel  Pullback

High Probability Trading with the Delphian Studies


A pullback is a small to moderate drop in a stock price from recent peaks that occurs during an uptrend.  Delphian find stocks in pullbacks that have met our moderate pullback target (State 2, Target 2) and have crossed below the lower Keltner Channel.  Backtesting revealed this signal is triggered near the end of the pullback and to expect the stock to resume the trend higher soon after. 


Trade Theory:

Often times when a stock transitions from State 1 to State 2, the stock is in a temporary pullback. Once the State Modeling State 2, target 2 has been hit, the stock has a high potential for a reversal. The target 3 price provides a support area and the stock should continue its original trend higher.  Using a secondary confirmation can assist in solidifying a potential price support and the continuation of an uptrend.  When the stock price drops below the lower Keltner Channel, prices are oversold and have a high probability of retracing. The combination of these two signals presents a potential near- term bottom with a typically rapid reversal.

The Keltner Pullback study uses the following signals:

  • Close price crossed below the lower Keltner Channel.  Keltner Channels set at 2 times Average True Range (ATR) for 20 days 
  • State Modeling™ set to State 2, target 2 met 


Charts depicting confirmation of a pullback:

FB State Modeling – State 2, Target 2 hit on 3/20/2018

kc sm


FB closing price crossed below Keltner Channels 2 ATR for 20 days on 3/20/2018

kc kc


FB chart after the bullish signal on 3/20/2018

kc result



Trade results after buy signal:

Long stock with 5% profit and 10% stop loss

Entry 03/20/2018, 5.03% profit achieved on 05/04/2018 (In trade 33 trading days)

Long call with 25% profit and 100% stop loss

Entry 03/20/2018, 47.45% profit achieved on 05/10/2018 (In trade 37 trading days)

For additional option strategy results and detailed discussion with one of Options Strategists, please fill out the form on the right side of the page.



Explanation of the signals:

1.  Keltner Channels (KC) are volatility-based lines set above and below an EMA (exponential moving average). Keltner Channels are similar to Bollinger Bands, but Keltner Channels use ATR (average true range) to set the distance between the lines, whereas Bollinger Bands use standard deviation.

2.  Average True Range (ATR) is a stock's range between the high and low price on any given day. It reveals information about how volatile a stock is. Large ranges indicate high volatility and small ranges indicate low volatility. 

3.  Exponential Moving Average (EMA) is a type of moving average that is similar to a simple moving average, except that the most recent data gets the greatest weight and each price value gets a smaller weight as we go back in the series chronologically.

4.  State Modeling™ is a proprietary signal from Delphian Trading. Stocks are in a state numbered from 1 to 8 at any given time and only in one state at a time. States 1, 3, 5 and 7 are bullish and States 2, 4, 6 and 8 are bearish. State 1 is extremely bullish while State 8 is extremely bearish. This signal allows users to find symbols based on their current state, current state profit and loss targets and whether or not their current targets or stops losses have been met.

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